T-Shirts – Common Terms Explained
T-shirt producers use several terms to describe their solutions. The terms are not constantly constant and it aids to have a reference guide.
The following is the official Green Man T-Shirts Guide to understanding t-shirt terms:
20s, 20/1, 20s single: Unit of measurement that defines the fineness of cotton thread. A regular spool of single-ply cotton thread is comprised of 840 yards of cotton thread. If it requires 20 spools to weigh one particular pound, then the thread on these spools is referred to as 20s cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is referred to as 30s cotton thread, or 30/1. If it takes 40 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is referred to as 40s cotton, or 40/1. The larger quantity signifies a finer thread, and as a result a finer, softer fabric is developed. T-shirts created of 30s and 40s are softer, finer, and have greater drape than t-shirts produced of 20s. The terms are applied a lot of strategies, but it really is the number that counts “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 singles” are the similar. Threads can be twisted collectively into thicker strands. If two 20/1 cotton threads had been twisted together, it would be referred to as 20/two.
Bamboo Fabric: Rayon produced from bamboo cellulose. Even though rayon is a man-produced synthetic material, most specialists agree it is readily biodegradable. Bamboo fabric is exceptionally soft and has fantastic drape.
Bamboo: Fast growing plant, classified as a grass, which can be readily processed into rayon to make bamboo rayon clothing.
Bleach Wash: A process that utilizes bleach to soften and distress the look of the fabric being washed.
Boat Neck: A quite wide neckline that runs across the collarbone region to the shoulder points. Derives from early sailors’ shirts, exactly where the wide neck enabled swift removal if the sailor fell overboard.
Boy Beater: Women’s fashion answer to the wife beater. nachhaltige damenmode , although it can be any colour.
Brushed Cotton: A method to take away excess lint and fibers from cotton fabric. Brushed cotton commonly has a very soft, smooth finish.
Burn-Out: A approach that utilizes sulfuric acid or other robust acid to “burn-out” parts of a fabric knit, typically a polyester/cotton blend. The method offers a see-via, extremely sheer effect.
Cap Sleeves: Commonly refers to shorter sleeves on women’s garments.
Carbon Dioxide: CO2. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and a single carbon atom. Identified as a “greenhouse” gas because of its connection with global warming. A couple of t-shirt companies are now measuring and recording the CO2 emissions involved in manufacturing their shirts.
Carbon Trust: Independent organization founded in 2001 in Excellent Britain that monitors carbon emissions. The Carbon Trust performs with providers to assistance lessen their carbon footprint, and now certifies providers and goods as having a “low carbon” or “no carbon” footprint. A few t-shirt providers now manufacture “low carbon footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleaning method that eliminates quick fibers and removes dirt and foreign matter. Carding can be carried out by hand or by substantial machines working with drum rollers. Carded-only cotton is not as desirable as combed cotton.
Cellulase Wash: A different name for enzyme wash. This offers fabric a soft really feel and a vintage look, based on how the wash is performed.
Cellulose: Derived from the cell walls of particular plants. Beneficial in producing particular varieties of fabrics, including acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo fabric is really rayon created from bamboo cellulose.
Low-priced Cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts made with carded cotton, applying 18/1 thread, usually knitted on 20 gauge machines. These t-shirts are coarse, rough, and have poor drapability. Applied generally as inexpensive promotional give-aways.
Climate Neutral: A term used to describe a organization, process, or item that has zero impact on the Earth’s climate. A handful of t-shirt suppliers advertise their organization as climate neutral.
CO2: Carbon dioxide. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Identified as a “greenhouse” gas mainly because of its partnership with global warming.
Colorfastness: The potential of a garment to withstand many washings with no losing its color.
Combed Cotton: A method to get rid of quick fibers and to arrange longer fibers parallel to produce a smooth, fine cotton yarn. Combed cotton has higher strength, great uniformity, and far better hand. Combed cotton costs much more and is utilised in finer t-shirts.
Compacting: A course of action that compacts the space between cotton fiber pockets. Assists to cut down shrinking.
Contrasting Stitching: Stitching with a different colour than the garment. Provides a good design detail in t-shirts.
Handle Union: An international organization that delivers certification solutions for a wide variety of programs–which includes quite a few organic certification programs. Certifies USDA Organic, as effectively as GOTS (Global Organic Textile Typical).
Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very slightly stretchy fabric with a smooth flat face and a more textured but uniform back. Average weight per yard is about 5.5 to 6 ounces. Standard t-shirts are made of cotton jersey. Fine cotton jersey is normally smoother and has a lighter weight per yard.
Cotton: A all-natural fiber that is the most well-known in the globe for fabrics. Cotton fibers are usually ½ to two inches lengthy. Longer fibers generate finer cotton fabric. Varieties such as Pima and Egyptian, which function fibers exceeding 1.5 inches, are extra extremely valued than ordinary varieties.
Crew Neck: A round close-fitting neckline. Most prevalent neck on t-shirts.
Crop Best: A shirt with a short physique to it produced to expose the midriff location.
Double-Needle Stitched: Made use of largely on sleeve/bottom hems and refers to a parallel row of stitching. This variety of stitching provides durability and a cleaner, additional completed appear.
Drape, Drapability: Refers to how a fabric hangs. A fabric like bamboo rayon has exceptional drape, though a coarse fabric like burlap has really tiny. T-shirts that have good drape qualities feel nicer to wear.